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HIP
The hip joint is located in the pelvic girdle and consists of the acetabulum and proximal part of femur. This is a multiaxial ball-and-socket joint like the glenohumeral (shoulder) joint. The hip joint has a stronger labral rim combined with the ligament and capsule. Reinforcement by associated soft tissues provides good stability.
Leg Length Discrepancy LLD | Osteoarthritis | Total hip replacement
Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease caused by wear and tear on the joint and is the most common form of arthritis in mid-life and older people. It causes pain that reduces joint function and quality of life. Commonly affected areas include hand, hip, spine, knee and foot.

Causes
--Metabolic conditions : Wilsonˇ¦s disease, hemochromatosis, hyper-parathyroidism
--Trauma : meniscal injury, ACL injury, old fractures and infectious arthritis
--Fatigue : repetitive use of the joint
--Degeneration
--Poor posture : knee hyperextension, poor sitting and standing posture, obesity and pregnancy in the final stage.
--Work behavior : prolonged standing causing overuse of the knee joint

Symptoms
--Pain
--Crackling
--Joint stiffness : related to weather changes
--Muscle weakness and atrophy
--Reduced range of motion :deformity or subluxation, muscle spasm or contracture


The outside elastic force and anchor surrounding the waist stabilize the hip joint. The hip support can relieve heavy weight-bearing from the thigh and hip muscle.